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Workshop I Wayan Bawa - ENGLISH VERSION

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Workshop I Wayan Bawa
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I Wayan Bawa will introduce the participants to Balinese dance basic principles which give the necessary stamina for postures which engage the whole body. He will teach the rules of composition and modulation of energy and train the participants’ voice through songs and spoken sequences. All these principles are useful to actors despite tradition and personal aesthetical choices. A workshop of at least three days will give the possibility to get acquainted with the use of Balinese masks.
Number of participants: 16, with comfortable work clothes.

Gambuh is Bali’s oldest surviving ritual theatre, comparable to Noh theatre in Japan and Kathakali in India. Its music, literature, acting and dance originated in Java during the Majapahit era (1292-1527), at the apogee of the classical Hindu-Javanese court culture. When the Moslems came to power, the fine flower of Hindu-Javanese aristocracy migrated to Bali, which remains the only Hindu island in the Moslem Indonesian archipelago.
Gambuh has not changed in essence during the 500 years of its recorded history and still mirrors the compelling atmosphere and figures of the ancient Javanese royal courts. Its characteristic epic form using acting, dance, dialogue, singing and music became the source of a multitude of dance and performance genres, that has made Bali such a strong inspiration for today’s theatre in the East as well as in the West. Just one example of this is Artaud. When Bali became a Dutch colony in 1908, the glamour of the royal courts disappeared and Gambuh faded in popularity. Today Gambuh survives in only a few villages and is in danger of becoming extinct.
In Gambuh the main characters speak and sing in Kawi (an archaic literary language) accompanied by attendants who translate their dialogues into present-day Balinese. The Gambuh dancers sing and speak the text, often without fully understanding it, having learnt it through an oral tradition handed down through generations. The plays are taken from the Malat cycle of tales which revolves around the heroic mythical prince Panji’s quest for his beloved Rangkesari.
The Gambuh gamelan orchestra of drums, gongs, bells and flutes was already established before bronze metallophones, characteristic of most other gamelan orchestras in Bali, made an appearance. Thus the drumming patterns, tunes and musical structure of Gambuh form the basis of nearly all Balinese music.
The Gambuh Desa Batuan Ensemble was created in 1993 in the village of Batuan as a project by Cristina Wistari Formaggia and supported initially by the Ford Foundation. The aim was to preserve and transmit the practice of this dance drama among the younger generation. In addition to teaching boys and girls, the permanent Gambuh Pura Desa Ensemble performs regularly in its village, in the temples of Bali and abroad.

Topeng, in Balinese, means mask. It is also the name for any performance with masked characters. Topeng takes its narratives from the Babad or Chronicles of the Balinese Kings, reflecting the complex hierarchy of Balinese society in its social, religious and political structure.

DONATION: 100 euros (50 euros, listeners)
PROMOtion: Carnet TTT – El Cuerpo, Carnet TTTodo – El teatro
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COLABORATORS: Odin Teatret, SVE, TTT, Erasmus+


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